Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is a sustainable transportation approach from the principle of improving access, facilities and area development to ensure mobility, promote urban spatial structure (land use) and enhance urban development opportunities that will generate enormous economic, financial, social, and environmental benefits. Currently, the TOD is being acknowledged by the central and local governments to solving the congestion problem, especially cities with complex transportation problems such as Jabodetabek area.
To support the development of TOD in appropriate way, the case study of TOD model project in JUTPI Phase 2 is expected to enhance capacity of urban transportation related agencies to implement Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) projects in Jabodetabek, which in turn will give a great benefit and impact for urban development in relation with urban mass transportation system. The scope of TOD Model project comprises the formulation of concept plan, transport access improvement, and recommendation on necessary improvement of regulation and institutional framework with expected outputs are: TOD concept plan of model project (including basic design), and proposal on TOD implementation plan.
In general, there are several steps in conducting TOD model project as described below:
After the location has been selected, the process will be continued to step 4 (conducting case study) which consists of five steps i.e (1) determination of TOD coverage area, (2) TOD situation analysis and impact; (3) formulation of TOD concept plan; (4) design of TOD model project; (5) TOD implementation plan. Output of each step will be exposed through workshop and discussion.
B. Progress of TOD Model Project
Process of conducting TOD model project has started since June 2017. For 9 months, this activity has completed some steps from location selection up until situation analysis. Here is the summary of highlighted activities in TOD model project.
Selection process took 4 months from June – October. This process started by sorting 51 locations of TOD potential in RITJ (Rencana Induk Transportasi Jabodetabek/Greater Jakarta Transportation Master Plan) to 11 locations proposed by BPTJ (Badan Pengelola Transportasi Jabodetabek/Greater Jakarta Transportation Authority). These 11 locations were selected based on the proximity to mass transit such as MRT, LRT, and commuter line. Assessment and evaluation of locations were considering five factors: 1) position; 2) effectivity of public transport enhancement; 3) location; 4) applicability to another TOD project, and 5) economy & social impact.
After the assessment and evaluation, then Poris Plawad was selected as the TOD model project of JUTPI Phase 2. The most substantial aspect for this selection is the area characteristic which is undeveloped yet has big potential due to infrastructure plans. This selection had been confirmed to the counterparts through the 1st TOD workshop in December.
- The 1st TOD Workshop in December 2017
The 1st TOD workshop, ”TOD Model Projects and Determination of TOD Project Coverage Area” was held on 6th of December 2017. This workshop aimed to introduce TOD model project of JUTPI Phase 2 as well as to determine the coverage area and set up boundary of TOD model project with case study in Poris Plawad.
There are three speakers presented: two are experts from JUTPI Phase 2 long term experts, Mr. Junkichi Kano and Mr. Takeshi Mita, and the Mr. Dwi Hariyawan, Director of Spatial Utilization from the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning (ATR/BPN).
Points of discussions were focused on lesson learned (best practice) of TOD projects in Japan, standard and procedure of TOD, and how to determine coverage area settings of TOD Projects. A group exercise was held to involve participants and get their notion of TOD coverage area setting in the last session.
- Setting up Coverage Area and Boundary
Following the workshop, the coverage area of TOD model project was set by conducting site visit, observations, and small survey. There are four factors in determining coverage area, i.e: (1) radius of walking distance (within approximately 800 m), (2) roads, rivers, railway, etc, (3) town, village, and district boundaries, and (4) change point of land use such as commercial, industrial, residential area, and green spaces.
TOD Model Project Area Coverage of Poris Plawad
Some potentials and obstacles were found during site visit. From this process, present condition and issue findings were revealed. Site details were described comprises the social environment, land use, economy and transport, also natural environment. This process resulting in several improvements required to enhance the living quality, especially access (road network) from north to south, traditional market, and public facilities such as park and health facilities.
- Socioeconomic Analysis and Counterpart Meeting on Economic Aspect
Counterpart meeting on economic aspect was held on 28th of February 2018. This meeting aims to introduce economic and financial aspects, as well as project evaluation in JUTPI Phase 2. In addition, preliminary analysis about socioeconomic status of TOD Model Project in Poris Plawad was presented. In this meeting, there were some insights about TOD area development and transfer knowledge from expert regarding land value capture (LVC) as funding sources for public investment.
- TOD Situation and Regional Analysis
Along with field survey, there was data and information collection to obtain necessary input for analysis. In this step, comprehensive analysis was conducted, encompass current urban and transport development issues as well as regional analysis.
Organization & Framework